Meaghan Conroy




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Education & Qualifications

  • Alberta Bar (2001)
  • LLB (Alberta, 2000)
  • BA (Alberta, 1996)

Meaghan Conroy advises First Nation and Métis communities on constitutional issues, including consultation-related activities, appeals and specific claims, as well as governance issues.

  • Successful representation of a Tribal Council and four First Nations in an interlocutory injunction application against the provincial Crown in relation to a dispute about the Province’s duty to consult and accommodate Treaty and Aboriginal rights.
  • Grassy Narrows First Nation v. Ontario (Natural Resources), 2014 SCC 48, represented five intervener First Nations before the Supreme Court of Canada in this significant treaty interpretation and constitutional law case.
  • Kikino Métis Settlement v Métis Settlements Appeal Tribunal, 2013 ABCA 151, successfully represented a Métis Settlement in an appeal concerning the degree of deference owed to decisions of an elected Settlement Council.
  • Represented a First Nation before the Alberta Utilities Commission with respect to a transmission line application.
  • Smith v. Alliance Pipeline Ltd., 2011 SCC 7, successfully represented a landowner before the Supreme Court of Canada regarding a dispute under the National Energy Board Act.
  • Represented a Métis community in a hearing before Alberta Energy Regulator to oppose an oil sands project application.

Meaghan assists Indigenous rights-holders and landowners with issues related to natural resource extraction, land development, flood management infrastructure and other environmental matters. She has argued before the Supreme Court of Canada, the Federal Court of Appeal, all levels of court in Alberta and the Manitoba Court of Queen’s Bench. She has also participated in proceedings before the Alberta Energy Regulator, the federal Impact Assessment Agency, the Alberta Utilities Commission, the Métis Settlements Appeal Tribunal and other administrative tribunals.

She regularly provides advice to Indigenous governments and organizations on public law issues including elections and other governance matters.

Meaghan articled with the Alberta Court of Appeal and Alberta Court of Queen’s Bench and was previously a political and policy adviser to federal Cabinet Ministers. She also worked for the federal Department of Justice in its Aboriginal Affairs Portfolio, National Litigation Co-ordination Unit. In this position she gained experience in treaty issues, constitutional law, crown law and processes of the Federal Government related to Aboriginal litigation and claims.

  • Board Chair, Homeward Trust Edmonton (2019-2021)
  • Vice President & Governance and Compensation Committee, Homeward Trust Edmonton (2018-2019)
  • Board member, Homeward Trust Edmonton (2017-2018)
  • Executive committee member, Canadian Bar Association (Alberta North) Aboriginal Subsection (2009-2014)
  • Organizing committee member, National Aboriginal Law Conference, Canadian Bar Association (Iqaluit, 2014)
  • Active involvement with a federal political party
  • Panellist, “From National Energy Board To Canadian Energy Regulator: Meeting the Practical Challenges Of Federal Energy Regulation,” (Calgary, January 2020)
  • Presenter, “The Duty to Consult: Best Practices,”  CERI 2018 Petrochemical Conference—The Petrochemical Trilemma: Economics, Environment and Society (Kananaskis, June 2018)
  • Panellist, “Pipelines, Provinces and the Constitution,” University of Alberta Faculty of Law, Centre for Constitutional Studies (Edmonton, April 2018)
  • Panellist, “The Need for an Implementation Policy for the Numbered Treaties,”  The Way Forward:  Envisioning Treaty Rights in Modern Resource Management, University of Alberta, Augustana Campus (Camrose, February 2016)
  • “Métis Excluded from Consultation on Provincially Regulated Projects in Alberta,” Canadian Bar Association Newsletter (August 2015) and presentation to Aboriginal Subsection (September 2015)
  • “New Evidence on Judicial Review or on Appeal,” Administrative Law Subsection, Canadian Bar Association (January 2015)
  • Presenter, “Aboriginal Involvement in Alberta’s Natural Resource Regulatory Regime,” Western Canada Aboriginal Law Forum (Vancouver 2012)
  • Presenter, “First Nation and Métis Consultation in Alberta,” Environmental Law and Regulation in Alberta, The Canadian Institute (Calgary 2012)
  • “Costs in Administrative Matters: Smith v. Alliance Pipeline Ltd., 2011 SCC 7, and a Comparison of Cost Provisions in Other Expropriation and Natural Resource-Related Statutes,” Alberta Expropriation Association (2011)
  • “Legal Developments in the Duty to Consult,” Canadian Bar Association Newsletter (2009)
  • Lawyer of the Year, Aboriginal Law, Best Lawyers (Edmonton, 2022)
  • Recognized in Lexpert Special Edition: Energy (since 2020)
  • Recognized in Best Lawyers, Aboriginal Law (since 2021)
  • A leading practitioner, Indigenous, Canadian Legal Lexpert Directory